Memorial Day brought me to Gettysburg National Military Park on my way home from the Cumberland Valley. I had been here a few times when I was young, but it’s been a while since I was there. In additional to being educational and preserving this country’s history, the park is a lovely place for a walk or bike ride. As I am not an expert on military history, I will share some of the views and monuments that I particularly liked, with particular emphasis on farms.
This Memorial Day weekend, I traveled to the Cumberland Valley and Michaux State Forest. The Carlisle area is home the U.S. Army War College and the Army Heritage and Educational Center. I was not able to visit the exhibits at the Heritage Center due to it being closed because of “the situation,” but was able to visit some of the outside exhibits. More about the Heritage Center can be found here.
The Heritage Center also hosts the Army Heritage Trail, which serves as an outdoor museum. It covers about one mile and highlights nearly every era of Army history with different exhibits and large artifacts. The Trail also serves as a stage for living history presentations by historians serving as interpreters.
Fourteen individual exhibits include full scale reconstructions of a French and Indian War way station, Redoubt Number 10 from the Revolutionary War siege of Yorktown, a section of the Antietam battlefield, a Civil War winter encampment with cabins, a WWI trench system, a WWII company area, a replicated Normandy Bocage scene from World War II, a Current Operations HESCO Bastion barrier checkpoint, and an interpretation of the Vietnam helicopter air assault at Ia Drang that includes a period Fire Support Base. Additionally, there are numerous smaller exhibits featuring armor, aircraft, and artillery from several different eras of U.S. Army history.
This month has certainly seen some wild changes in the weather. We recently went from sunny and low eighties to low thirties within a 24 hour period. It is a relief to get outdoors whenever one can. I took some time to go in search of a trumpeter swan on Octoraro Lake. I didn’t see the swan, but the farms around this area are some of my favorite to photograph.
On my travels, I’ve noticed a lot of fallow fields and newly plowed fields in mid-May. This seems late to me for planting. Is it the weather, or something else?
It shouldn’t come as a surprise, that due the corona virus lock down, I haven’t been out much doing photography. I did manage to drive around my local community getting some photos of the spring flowers and flowering trees. I also checked up on two of my local state parks, which were well attended by people glad to get out of the house while maintaining a safe distance from others.
Socially distant dispersed outdoor recreational fun was had by all.
Some people identify the American robin with the coming of Spring. For me, it’s the late winter passing of hordes of snow geese through Pennsylvania that foretells of Spring right around the corner. In late February, hundreds of thousands of snow geese can be present at the same time at Middle Creek Wildlife Management Area in Lancaster and Lebanon Counties. I didn’t make it to Middle Creek this year, opting instead to view geese, along with some other rarer species, that had been reported at Woods Edge Park in Lancaster County.
You may remember Woods Edge Park as they place I went to view the black-bellied whistling duck. This time around, a pink-footed goose, Ross’s goose, cackling goose and Virginia rail had been reported at the pond in the park. These are all species I had never seen before. By the time I arrived the next Saturday, large numbers of snow geese were present. I was able to see the Ross’s goose and the cackling goose, but not the pink-footed or the rail. Still, two “lifers” in one day is pretty good.
There was a steady stream of birders through the park that day. None that I spoke to had success spotting the rare pink-footed goose. I did learn how to identify two other species of goose and something new about the snow goose.
A nice, short and sweet day out. This location seems pretty productive for birding despite its small size. I will probably be back again at some point.
I recently discovered the Lititz Fire and Ice Festival, although it is now in its 15th year. This year’s festival was held February 14 and 15. Of course, I had to check it out. It is called the Fire and Ice festival because it features ice sculptures on downtown Lititz, Pennsylvania streets and a live pyrotechnics show. The local high school also hosts a carnival and chili cook off. There is live music as well at two locations and a variety of vendors and food trucks. The festival is mostly free, except for a $1 donation per person for the pyrotechnic show and suggested donation for parking.
There were over 70 ice sculptures this year. Once carved, the ice sculptures are at the mercy of Mother Nature. However, due to the cold weather, they held up very well. The festival is well attended, but the crowds aren’t crazy. Photographing those ice sculptures may be a challenge. Lititz is a lovely town and well worth a visit any time of year if you prefer a less crowded scene. Festival information can be found at http://lititzfireandice.com.
A few more ice sculptures for good measure.
You will notice a lack of “fire” in this post. Due to the very long line, cold weather, and the fact that I was tired, I did not get to see the pyrotechnic show. Maybe I will next year. Basically, I am a wimp.
I took a drive through Berks County recently after a recent snowstorm. The snowfall turned out to be lighter than expected, so by the time I arrived the next day, not much was left. This is a pretty part of Pennsylvania, and I will have to return sometime this year to take some more photos.
We’ve been a little light on snow this Winter. I count this as mostly a good thing. Snow does make for pretty photographs, though.
It is well recognized that milk is a great source of
protein, calcium, and Vitamin D, potassium and other essential nutrients that
can aid in bone growth, heart health, building muscle and warding off cancer. Recent
research highlights some additional benefits of milk you may not be aware of.
In a recent paper published by researchers at Scotland’s Saint Andrews University, skim milk topped a list of common beverages when it came to providing oral hydration. Milk beat out water, sports drinks and oral rehydration solutions like Pedialyte. Electrolytes, like sodium and potassium, contribute to better hydration. Calories in beverages result in slower gastric emptying and, therefore, slower release of urination, resulting in better hydration. The thirteen beverages tested, listed in order of hydration, were skim milk, oral rehydration solutions (like Pedialyte), full fat milk, orange juice, cola, diet cola, cold tea, tea, sports drinks, still water, sparkling water, lager and coffee. While coffee ranks lowest for hydration, adding milk to the coffee may counter some of coffee’s diuretic effects.
The reason why milk is so effective compared to water is
because of its combination of sugar lactose, protein, and tiny fat percentage.
These substances slow down the rate at which fluids are emptied from the
stomach which provides longer-lasting hydration. Moreover, milk contains electrolytes
like sodium and potassium which helps your body retain the fluids in your
bloodstream for a longer period of time rather than quickly processing it into
This information may be especially important for
individuals who dehydrate rapidly, such as athletes and those doing strenuous
labor. The body relies on hydration to fight infections, carry nutrients
throughout the body and lubricate joints. It appears hydration should be added
to the list of the superpowers of milk.
Chocolate milk also received a special notice for its role
in helping high school athletes outperform peers who did not drink chocolate milk
in a study done by the University of Texas at Austin. Researchers in that study
highlighted chocolate milk’s carbohydrate to protein ratio compared to
beverages such as sports drinks. The research
was conducted in 2018 and published in the 2019 Journal of the International
Society of Sports Nutrition. It showed that, in strength tests, high school
athletes drinking chocolate milk lifted 3.5% more than before the study while
the adolescents drinking a commercial sports drink lifted 3.2% less than before.
Drinking chocolate milk within 30 minutes after a workout
rehydrates, repairs and replenishes the body. The naturally occurring
electrolytes and 90% water content rehydrate, while the 8 grams of protein
helps repair muscles. The carbohydrate to protein ratio in chocolate milk was
shown to be more beneficial than carbohydrate only sports drinks in improving
athlete performance as part of a strength and speed training at a high school
level. Previous studies all looked at adults, but never at before at high
school athlete for whom nutrition is especially critical.
Chocolate milk contains carbohydrates, proteins, and fat,
as well as water and electrolytes, which may be ideal for post-exercise
recovery. The evidence regarding the efficacy of chocolate milk compared to
either water or other “sport drinks” on post-exercise recovery
markers was also reviewed
by researchers in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition who conducted
an analysis of twelve different studies on it effects. They concluded that “chocolate
milk provides either similar or superior results when compared to placebo or
other recovery drinks. Overall, the evidence is limited and high-quality
clinical trials with more well-controlled methodology and larger sample sizes